Periodontal disease is the infection of the tissues around your teeth. The beginning stage of periodontal disease is call gingivitis and is caused by a buildup of plaque. Some of the most common causes of gingivitis are poor dental care, tobacco use, hormone fluctuations, diabetes, certain medications, and even genetics. Some warning signs of gingivitis are red, swollen gums that easily bleed, and persistent bad breath. Though periodontal disease is very serious, don’t worry. Gingivitis can be reversed before it develops into more serious disease. Most cases of gingivitis can be treated by a thorough cleaning at your dentist office, and diligent oral care at home including brushing twice a day, and flossing once per day. Many people with gingivitis do not know they have it, so it is important to see your dentist every 6 months for regular cleanings and checkups.